Long Term Plan

Making relationships: 

  • Can play in a group, extending and elaborating play ideas.
  • Initiates play, offering cues to peers to join in.
  • Keeps play going by responding to what others are saying or doing.
  • Demonstrates friendly behaviour, initiating conversations and forming good relationships with peers and familiar adults.
  • Initiates conversations, attends to and takes account of what others say.
  • Explains own knowledge and understanding, and asks appropriate questions of others.
  • Takes steps to resolve conflicts with others (finding a compromise).
  • Children play co-operatively, taking turns with others.
  • They take account of one another’s ideas and how to organise their activity.
  • They show sensitivity to other’s needs and feelings and forms positive relationships with adults and other children.

Self-confidence and self-awareness:

  • Can select and use activities and resources with help.
  • Welcomes and values praise for what they have done.
  • Enjoys responsibility of carrying out small tasks.
  • Is more outgoing towards unfamiliar people and more confident in new social situations.
  • Confident to talk to other children when playing and will communicate freely about home and community.
  • Shows confidence in asking adults for help.
  • Confident to speak to others about own needs, wants, interests and opinions.
  • Can describe self in positive terms and talk about abilities.
  • Children are confident to try new activities and say why they like some activities more than others.
  • They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities.
  • They say when they do or don’t need help.

Managing feelings and behaviour:

  • Aware of own feelings and knows that some actions and words can hurt other’s feelings.
  • Begins to accept the needs of others and can take turns and share resources, sometimes with support from others. Can usually tolerate delay when needs are not immediately met and understands wishes may not always be met.
  • Can usually adapt behaviour to different events, social situations and changes in routine.
  • Understands that own actions affect other people, e.g. becomes upset or tries to comfort another child when they realise they have upset them.
  • Aware of the boundaries set and of behavioural expectations in the setting.
  • Beginning to be able to negotiate and solve problems without aggression.
  • Children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others behaviour, and its consequences, and know how some behaviour is unacceptable.
  • They work as part of a group or class and understand and follow the rules.
  • They adjust their behaviour to different situations and take changes in their routine in their stride.

Listening and attention:

  • Listen to others one to one or in a small group, when conversation interests them.
  • Listens to stories with increasing attention and recall.
  • Joins in repeated refrains and anticipates key events and phrases in rhymes and stories.
  • Focuses attention, but can shift it.
  • Is able to follow directions.
  • Maintains attention, concentrates and sits quietly during appropriate activity.
  • Two-channelled attention, can listen and do for short span.
  • Children listen attentively in a range of situations.
  • They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions.
  • They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.

Understanding:

  • Understands use of objects (what do we use to cut things?).
  • Shows understanding of prepositions such as under, on, top, behind.
  • Responds to simple instructions (e.g. put away an object).
  • Beginning to understand why and how questions.
  • Responds to simple instructions involving two part sequence.
  • Understands humour, e.g. nonsense rhymes, jokes, able to follow a story without picture or props.
  • Listens and responds to ideas expressed by others in conversation or discussion.
  • Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.
  • They answer how and why questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.

Speaking:

  • Beginning to use more complex sentences.
  • Can re-tell simple past events in correct order (e.g. went down slide, hurt finger).
  • Uses talk to connect ideas, explain what is happening and anticipate what might happen next, recall and relive past experiences.
  • Questions why things happen and give explanations, asks who, what, when, how.
  • Uses a range of tenses (play, playing, played).
  • Uses intonation, rhythm/phrases to make meanings clear.
  • Uses vocabulary focused on objects/people that are of particular importance.
  • Builds up vocabulary that reflects the breath of their experiences.
  • Pretends that objects stand for something else (e.g. this box is a castle).
  • Extends vocabulary, by grouping and naming.
  • Explores the meaning and sounds of new words.
  • Uses language to imagine and recreate roles and experiences in play situations.
  • Links statements and sticks to main theme or intention.
  • Uses talk to organise, sequence and clarify thinking, ideas, feelings and events.
  • Introduces a storyline or narrative into their play.
  • Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listener’s needs.
  • They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future.
  • They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.

Moving and handling:

  • Moves freely and with pleasure and confidence in a range of ways, such as slithering, shuffling, rolling, crawling, walking, running, jumping, skipping, sliding and hopping.
  • Mounts stairs, steps or climbing equipment using alternative feet.
  • Walks downstairs, two feet to each step while carrying a small object.
  • Runs skilfully and negotiates space successfully, adjusting speed or direction to avoid obstacles.
  • Can stand momentarily on one foot when shown.
  • Can catch a large ball.
  • Draws lines and circles using gross motor skills.
  • Uses one-handed tools and equipment, e.g. makes snips in paper with child scissors.
  • Holds pencil between thumb and two fingers, near point (not fist grasp).
  • Can copy some letters (e.g. letters from own name).
  • Experiments with different ways of moving.
  • Jumps off an object and lands appropriately.
  • Negotiates space successfully when playing racing and chasing games with other children, adjusting speed or changing direction to avoid obstacles.
  • Travels with confidence and skill around, under, over, and through balancing and climbing equipment.
  • Shows increasing control over an object in pushing, patting, throwing, catching or kicking it.
  • Uses simple tools to affect changes in materials.
  • Handles tools, objects, construction and malleable materials safely and with increasing control.
  • Shows preference for a dominant hand.
  • Begins to use anticlockwise movement and retrace vertical lines.
  • Begins to form recognisable letters.
  • Uses a pencil and holds it effectively to form recognisable letters, most of which are correctly formed.
  • Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements.
  • They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space.
  • They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencil for writing.

Health and self-care:

  • Can tell adults when they are hungry/tired or when they want to rest or play.
  • Observes the effects of activity on their body (e.g. hearts beating faster).
  • Understands that equipment and tools have to be used safely.
  • Gains more bowel and bladder control and can attend to toileting needs most of the time.
  • Can usually manage washing and drying hands.
  • Dresses with help (puts arms in coat held up, pulls up own trousers, pulls up zip when fastened at the bottom).
  • Eats a variety of foodstuff and understands the needs for variety of food.
  • Usually dry and clean during the day.
  • Shows some understanding that good practices with regard to exercise, eating, sleeping and hygiene can contribute to food health.
  • Shows understanding of the need for safety when tackling new challenges and considers and manages some risks.
  • Shows understanding of how to transport and store equipment safely.
  • Practices some appropriate safety measures without direct supervision.
  • Children know the importance for good health of physical exercise, and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe.
  • They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.

Reading:

  • Enjoys rhyming and rhythmic activities.
  • Shows awareness of rhyme and alliteration.
  • Recognises rhythm in spoken words.
  • Listen to and joins in with stories and poems, 1-to-1 and small groups.
  • Joins in with repeated refrains and anticipates key events and phrases in rhymes and stories.
  • Beginning to be aware of the way stories are structured.
  • Suggests how the stories might end.
  • Listens to stories with increasing attention and recall.
  • Describes main story settings, events and principal characters.
  • Shows interest in illustrations and print in books and print in the environment.
  • Recognises familiar words and signs such as own name and advertising logos.
  • Looks at books independently and handles them carefully.
  • Knows that information can be relayed in the form of print.
  • Holds book the correct way up and turns the pages.
  • Knows that print carries meaning and in English is read from left to right and top to bottom.
  • Continues a rhyming string.
  • Hears and says the initial sound in words.
  • Can segment the sounds in simple words and blend them together and knows which letters represent some of them.
  • Links sounds and letters, naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet.
  • Begins to read words and simple sentences.
  • Uses vocabulary and forms of speech that are increasing influenced by their experiences of books.
  • Enjoys an increasing range of books.
  • Knows that information can be retrieved from books and computers.
  • Children read and understand simple sentences.
  • They use phonic knowledge to decode words and read them aloud accurately.
  • They also read some common irregular words.
  • They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.

Writing:

  • Ascribe meanings to marks that they see in different places.
  • Gives meaning to marks they make as they draw, write and paint.
  • Begins to break the flow of speech into words.
  • Continues a rhyming string.
  • Hears and says the initial sound in words.
  • Can segment the sounds in simple words and blend them together.
  • Links sounds and letters, naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet.
  • Uses some clearly identifiable letters to communicate meaning, representing some sounds correctly and in sequence.
  • Writes own name and other things such as labels/captions.
  • Attempts to write short sentences in meaningful contexts.
  • Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.
  • They also write some irregular common words.
  • They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others.
  • Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.

Numbers:

  • Uses some number names and number language spontaneously.
  • Uses some number names accurately in play.
  • Recites numbers in order to 10.
  • Knows that numbers identify how many objects are in a set.
  • Beginning to represent numbers using fingers, marks on paper or pictures.
  • Sometimes matches numerals and quantity together.
  • Shows curiosity about numbers by offering comments or asking questions.
  • Compares two groups of objects, assaying when they have the same number.
  • Shows an interest in number problems.
  • Separates a group of three or four objects in different ways, beginning to recognise that the total is still the same.
  • Shows an interest in numerals in the environment.
  • Shows an interest in representing numbers.
  • Realises not only objects, but anything can be counted, including steps, claps or jumps.
  • Recognises some numerals of personal significance.
  • Recognises numerals 1-5.
  • Counts up the three or four objects by saying one number name for each.
  • Counts actions or objects which cannot be moved.
  • Counts objects to 10 and beginning to count beyond 10.
  • Counts up to 6 objects from a larger group.
  • Selects the correct numeral to represent 1 to 5, then 1 to 10 objects.
  • Counts an irregular arrangement of up to 10 objects.
  • Estimates how many objects they can see and checks by counting them.
  • Uses language of more and fewer to compare two sets of objects.
  • Finds the total number of items in two groups by counting them all.
  • Says the number that is one more than the given number.
  • Finds one more or one less from a group of up to five objects, then ten objects.
  • In practical activities and discussions, beginning to use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting.
  • Records, using marks that they can interpret and explain.
  • Begins to identify own mathematical problems based on own interests.
  • Children count reliably with numbers from 1-20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number.
  • Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer.
  • They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.

Shape, space and measure:

  • Shows an interest in shape and space by playing with shapes or making arrangements with objects.
  • Shows awareness of similarities of shapes in the environment.
  • Uses positional language.
  • Shows interest in shape by sustained construction activity or by talking about shapes or arrangements.
  • Shows interest in shapes in the environment.
  • Uses shapes appropriately for tasks.
  • Beginning to talk about shapes of everyday objects.
  • Beginning to use mathematical names for solid 3D shapes and flat 2D shapes and mathematical terms to describe shapes.
  • Selects a particular named shape.
  • Can describe position (behind or next to).
  • Orders two or three items by length or height.
  • Orders two items by weight or capacity.
  • Uses familiar objects and common shapes to create and recreate patterns and build models.
  • Uses everyday language related to time.
  • Beginning to use everyday language related to money.
  • Orders and sequences familiar events.
  • Measures short periods of time in simple ways.
  • Children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects to solve problems.
  • They recognise, create and describe patterns.
  • They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.

People and communities:

  • Shows an interest in the lives of people who are familiar to them.
  • Remembers and talks about significant events in their own experience.
  • Recognises and describes special times or events for family or friends.
  • Shows interest in different occupations and ways of life.
  • Knows some of the things that make them unique, and can talk about some of the similarities and difference in relation to friends or family.
  • Enjoys joining in with family customs and routines.
  • Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.
  • They know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things and are sensitive to this.
  • They know that similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.

The world:

  • Comments and asks questions about aspects of their familiar world such as the place where they live or the natural world.
  • Can talk about some of the things they have observed such as plants, animals, natural and found objects.
  • Talks about why things happen and how things work.
  • Developing an understanding of growth, decay and changes over time.
  • Shows care and concern for living things and the environment.
  • Looks closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change.
  • Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.
  • They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.
  • They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.

Technology: 

  • Knows how to operate simple equipment, e.g., turns on CD player and uses remote control.
  • Shows an interest in technological toys with knobs or pulleys, or real objects such as cameras or mobile phones.
  • Shows skill in making toys work by pressing parts or lifting slaps to achieve effects such as sound, movements or new images.
  • Knows that information can be retrieved from computers.
  • Completes a simple program on a computer.
  • Uses ICT hardware to interact with age-appropriate computer software.
  • Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools.
  • They select and use technology for particular purpose.

Exploring and using media and materials:

  • Enjoys joining in with dancing and ring games.
  • Sings a few familiar songs.
  • Beginning to move rhythmically.
  • Imitates movement in response to music.
  • Taps out a repeated simple rhythms.
  • Explores and learns how sounds can be changed.
  • Explores colour and how colours can be changed.
  • Understands that they can use lines to enclose a space and then begin to use these shapes to represent objects. Beginning to be interested in and describe the texture of things.
  • Use various construction materials.
  • Beginning to construct, stacking blocks vertically and horizontally, making enclosures and creating spaces.
  • Joins construction pieces together to build and balance.
  • Realises tools can be used for a purpose.
  • Begins to build a repertoire of songs and dances.
  • Explores the different sounds of instruments.
  • Explores what happens when they mix colours.
  • Experiments to create textures.
  • Understands that different media can be combined to create new effects.
  • Manipulates materials to achieve a planned effect.
  • Constructs with a purpose in mind, using a variety of resources.
  • Uses simple tools and techniques competently and appropriately.
  • Selects appropriate resources and adapts work where necessary.
  • Selects tools and techniques needed to shape, assemble and join materials they are using.
  • Children sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them.
  • They safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.

Being imaginative:

  • Developing preferences for forms of expression.
  • Uses movement to express feelings.
  • Creates movement in response to music.
  • Sings to self and makes up simple songs.
  • Makes up rhythms.
  • Notices what adults do, imitating what is observed and then doing it spontaneously when the adult is not there.
  • Engages in imaginative role-play based on own first-hand experiences.
  • Builds stories around toys, e.g. farm animals, needing rescuing from an armchairs ‘cliff’.
  • Uses available resources to create props to support role-play.
  • Captures experiences and responses with a range of media, such as music, dance and paint and other materials or words.
  • Creates simple representations of events, people and objects.
  • Initiates new combinations of movement and gesture in order to express and respond to feelings, ideas and experiences.
  • Chooses colour to use for a purpose.
  • Introduces a storyline or narrative into their play.
  • Plays alongside other children who are engaged in the same theme.
  • Play co-operatively as part of a group to develop and act out a narrative.
  • Children use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes.
  • They represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role play and stories.